The medical approach to polymyalgia treatment largely focuses on Non steroidal anti inflammatory’s (NSAIDs) for the pain and swelling. Low doses may help with pain and higher ones for inflammation. Although as with all medication they are not without their side effects, high doses have been associated with stomach problems, ulcers and bleeding. Long term use is not recommended.
Other options for Polymyalgia treatment are oral cortisone which is a steroid which can reduce the inflammation. The body naturally produces a hormone called cortisone, however, corticosteroids are man-made substances and similar to cortisone. The most commonly used one is Prednisone, but because of serious side effects it is important to reach a maintenance dose promptly.
Although difficult initially, exercise is an important component to overall Polymyalgia treatment. It will help with pain reduction and will keep the muscles strong. Exercise can include strengthening exercises, range of motion exercises and exercises focused on muscular endurance.
Some hot and cold therapy may also be of benefit to help relax the muscles and reuduce the pain. This treatment can be used regularly. The heat treatment can be a heating pad or hot water bottle, a warm bath or hot shower. Cold treatment may consist of an ice pack.
Also during this time be kind to your body. Avoid strenuous tasks, heavy work or repetitive tasks. Don’t be afraid to rest or do things at a slower pace. Learn proper technique if you are doing any lifting. Keep your weight healthy, maintaining correctly bodyweight can help reduce stress on the joints.
You can play a large role in protecting your muscles and joints by not overworking them and taking it easy. Relax your mind and body, reduce inflammation and take care of your pain. A better understanding of polymyalgia rheumatic will help you greatly in learning to live and recover from it.